Over the last two hundred years we have constructed an infrastructure and a way of life that is dependent on our use of fossil fuels. The challenges of peak oil and climate change have created a diverse array of common goals in how we can reduce our fossil consumption.
Wherever we live, our top priority must be to reduce the amount of energy we use. Energy efficiency can be defined as using less energy to provide the same service. Combining microgeneration technologies (generated from solar, wind and other renewable sources on a domestic scale) with energy-saving ideas such as saving and collecting water, and creating a well-designed garden can dramatically change our reliance and consumption of fossil fuels.